Before the Fall: German and Austrian Art of the 1930s

Oil on canvas

b. 1884
d. 1950

Self-Portrait with Horn

Oil on panel

Neue Galerie New York
© 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn

b. 1904
d. 1944

Self-Portrait in the Camp

Oil on canvas

b. 1893
d. 1939

Two Heads

Oil on canvas

The Museum of Modern Art, New York Digital Image © The Museum of Modern Art / Licensed by SCALA / Art Resource, NY

b. 1900
d. 1980


Oil on panel 

b. 1891
d. 1969

Mother and Eva

Gelatin silver print

The Museum of Modern Art, New York © 2017 Die Photographische Sammlung / SK Stiftung Kultur – August Sander Archiv, Cologne; ARS, New York

b. 1876
d. 1964

Children Born Blind

Pencil, pen, brush, watercolor, opaque white heightening, and newspaper cutout

Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe © bpk Bildagentur/Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe/Annette Fischer/Heike Kohler/Art Resource, NY

b. 1904
d. 1988


Oil on panel

University of Applied Arts Vienna, Collection and Archive © University of Applied Arts Vienna, Collection and Archive

b. 1891
d. 1945

Landscape with Rainbow

Gelatin silver bromide print

Museum Folkwang, Essen

b. 1871
d. 1956

Transformations by Light

Before the Fall: German and Austrian Art of the 1930s

March 8–May 28, 2018

On March 8, 2018, Neue Galerie New York will present "Before the Fall: German and Austrian Art of the 1930s," an exhibition devoted to the development of the arts in Germany and Austria during a decade marked by economic crisis, political disintegration, and social chaos. The Neue Galerie is the sole venue for the show, which will be on view through May 28, 2018.

The exhibition is organized by Dr. Olaf Peters, University Professor at Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, and serves as the third show in a trilogy of exhibitions curated by Peters that focus on German history. The first of these three shows, "Degenerate Art: The Attack on Modern Art in Nazi Germany 1937," organized in 2014, examined the infamous traveling exhibition "Entartete Kunst" mounted by the National Socialist regime. The exhibition was an enormous popular and critical success. The second show, "Berlin Metropolis: 1918-1933" on view in 2015, explored the critical role played by the city of Berlin in the growth of modern culture. Pandiscio Green is the designer of the exhibition and catalogue for "Before the Fall," and was also responsible for the inventive installations for the previous two shows in the trilogy.

This exhibition, comprised of nearly 150 paintings and works on paper, will trace the many routes traveled by German and Austrian artists and will demonstrate the artistic developments that foreshadowed, reflected, and accompanied the beginning of World War II. Central topics of the exhibition will be the reaction of the artists towards their historical circumstances, the development of style with regard to the appropriation of various artistic idioms, the personal fate of artists, and major political events that shaped the era.

The show assembles key works by leading artists such as Max Beckmann, Otto Dix, Max Ernst, Oskar Kokoschka, and Alfred Kubin, and artists less familiar to audiences in the United States including Friedl Dicker-Brandeis, Albert Paris Gütersloh, Karl Hubbuch, Richard Oelze, Franz Sedlacek, Josef Scharl, and Rudolf Wacker, who will each be represented by small groups of significant works. Several of the artists being shown have never before been exhibited in the United States. Among the important loans to the exhibition will be Max Beckmann’s Self-Portrait with Horn from 1938, Oskar Kokoschka’s Portrait of Thomas G. Masaryk from 1935-36, Richard Oelze’s uncanny Expectation from 1935-36, and Felix Nussbaum’s searing Self-Portrait in the Camp from 1940 which vividly captures the horror to come. The exhibition will also feature photographic portraits by Helmar Lerski and August Sander.

A fully-illustrated catalogue will accompany the exhibition, with contributions from scholars including Stefanie Heckmann, Andreas Huyssen, Olaf Peters, Alfred Pfabigan, and Ernst Ploil.

Photo caption:

Max Beckmann (1884-1950)
Self-Portrait with Horn, 1938
Oil on canvas
Neue Galerie New York and Private Collection
© 2017 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn