Vienna 1900: Style and Identity

Hans Makart, Hanna Klinkosch, 1875

Oil on canvas
200 x 112 cm (78 3/4 x 44 1/8 in.)
Sammlungen des Fürsten von und zu Liechtenstein, Vaduz-Vienna
Photograph © Sammlungen des Fürsten von und zu Liechtenstein,
Vaduz-Vienna

b. 1840, Salzburg
d. 1884, Vienna

Hanna Klinkosch
Hans Makart
1875
Hans Makart, Hanna Klinkosch, 1875
Koloman Moser, Vase 1903

Execution: Johann Lötz Witwe exclusively for E. Bakalowits Söhne, Vienna
Iridescent glass
11.1 x 15.6 cm (4 3/8 x 6 1/8 in.)
Ernst Ploil Collection, Vienna
Photograph © Ernst Ploil, Vienna

b. 1868, Vienna
d. 1918, Vienna

Vase
Koloman Moser
Vienna 1903
Koloman Moser, Vase 1903
Corset, ca. 1880-85

Execution: Unknown
Embroidered silk
H. 70 x W. 31 x Diam. 25 cm (27 1/2 x 12 1/4 x 9 7/8 in.)
Wien Museum, Vienna
Photograph © Wien Museum, Vienna

Corset
Designer Unknown
ca. 1880-85
Corset, ca. 1880-85
Gustav Klimt, Portrait of Baroness Elisabeth Bachofen-Echt, ca. 1914

Oil on canvas
180 x 128 cm (70 7/8 x 50 3/8 in.)
Private Collection

b. 1862, Baumgarten
d. 1918, Vienna

Portrait of Baroness Elisabeth Bachofen-Echt
Gustav Klimt
ca. 1914
Gustav Klimt, Portrait of Baroness Elisabeth Bachofen-Echt, ca. 1914
Gustav Klimt, Two Girls with an Oleander, ca. 1890-92

Oil on canvas
55 x 128.5 cm (21 5/8 x 50 5/8 in.)
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT
The Douglas Tracy Smith and Dorothy Potter Smith Fund and
The Ella Gallup Sumner and Mary Catlin Sumner Collection Fund
Photograph © Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art/Art Resource, New York

b. 1862, Baumgarten
d. 1918, Vienna

Two Girls with an Oleander
Gustav Klimt
ca. 1890-92
Gustav Klimt, Two Girls with an Oleander, ca. 1890-92
Adolf Loos, Turnovsky Chest of Drawers, 1902

Execution: Unknown
Maple and brass
134.5 x 100 x 57 cm (53 x 39 3/8 x 22 3/8 in.)
Victoria and Albert Museum, London
@ 2011 Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York/VBK, Vienna
Photograph © Victoria and Albert Museum, London
 

b. 1870, Brno
d. 1933, Kalksburg (near Vienna)


Chest of drawers from the apartment of Gustav and Marie Turnovsky
Adolf Loos
Vienna 1902
Adolf Loos, Turnovsky Chest of Drawers, 1902
Egon Schiele, Town among Greenery, 1917

Oil on canvas
110.7 x 140.1 cm (43 5/8 x 55 3/16 in.)
Neue Galerie New York
In memory of Otto and Marguerite Manley, given as a bequest from the Estate of Marguerite Manley
Photograph © Neue Galerie New York

b. 1890, Tulln
d. 1918, Vienna

Town among Greenery (The Old City III)
Egon Schiele
1917
Egon Schiele, Town among Greenery, 1917
Oskar Kokoschka, Lotte Franzos, 1909

Oil on canvas
115 x 79.5 cm (45 1/4 x 31 1/4 in.)
The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.
© 2011 Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York/ProLitteris, Zürich
Photograph © The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.

b. 1886, Pöchlarn (Moravia)
d. 1980, Montreux

Lotte Franzos
Oskar Kokoschka
1909
Oskar Kokoschka, Lotte Franzos, 1909
Egon Schiele, Portrait of Gerti Schiele, 1909

Oil, silver, gold-bronze paint, and pencil on canvas
139.5 x 140.5 cm (55 x 55 1/4 in.)
The Museum of Modern Art, New York
Purchase and partial gift of the Lauder family, 1982, and Private Collection
Photograph © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, New York

b: 1890, Tulln
d: 1918, Vienna

Portrait of Gerti Schiele
Egon Schiele
1909
Egon Schiele, Portrait of Gerti Schiele, 1909
Josef Hoffmann, Belt buckle acquired by Emilie Flöge, Vienna 1910

Execution: Josef Souval for the Wiener Werkstätte, model no. M 1906, Vienna
6 x 6 cm (2 3/8 x 2 3/8 in.)
Copper, enamel, gilding
Private Collection

b. 1870, Pirnitz/Brtnice
d. 1956, Vienna

Belt buckle acquired by Emilie Flöge
Josef Hoffmann
Vienna 1910
Josef Hoffmann, Belt buckle acquired by Emilie Flöge, Vienna 1910
Arnold Schönberg, Gaze, 1910

Oil on cardboard
28 x 20 cm (11 x 7 7/8 in.)
Belmont Music Publishers, Pacific Palisades
Courtesy Arnold Schönberg Center, Vienna
© 2011 Artist Rights Society (ARS), New York/VBK, Vienna
Photograph © Arnold Schönberg Center, Vienna

b. 1874, Vienna
d. 1951, Los Angeles

Gaze
Arnold Schönberg
1910
Arnold Schönberg, Gaze, 1910
Gustav Klimt, Forest Slope in Unterach on the Attersee, 1916

Oil on canvas
180 x 128 cm (70 7/8 x 50 3/8 in.)
Private Collection

b. 1862, Baumgarten
d. 1918, Vienna

Forest Slope in Unterach on the Attersee
Gustav Klimt
1916
Gustav Klimt, Forest Slope in Unterach on the Attersee, 1916

Vienna 1900: Style and Identity

February 24-August 8, 2011

The Neue Galerie is pleased to present an exhibition entitled Vienna 1900: Style and Identity. The show, curated by Christian Witt-Dörring and Jill Lloyd, aims to reveal a common thread running through the fine and decorative arts in turn-of-the-century Vienna: the redefinition of individual identity in the modern age.

Major works by fine artists Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka, and Egon Schiele are on view, as well as furniture by architects Otto Wagner and Adolf Loos, and decorative artists Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser. A special emphasis is placed on fashion, with loans of key clothing and accessories from the period. The exhibition also explores the overlap with new attitudes towards gender and sexuality that surface in Viennese literature and psychology at the time.

The exhibition fills both the second and third floors of the Neue Galerie, with each room taking a different approach to the theme of identity. One is devoted to changing representations of women, with paintings that range from the searing psychological portraits of Oskar Kokoschka to the decorative, highly nuanced canvases of Gustav Klimt. Another gallery explores the crossover among art, medicine, and psychology. Egon Schiele and Richard Gerstl were two of the artists working in this milieu, driven by a common desire to pierce through the outer façade of appearance to reveal essential truths about the body and the mind. The final gallery on the second floor contains drawings by Klimt, Schiele, and others.

The third floor begins with a room dedicated to architect Otto Wagner, father of the modern movement in Vienna. The second room is dedicated to the artists of the Vienna Secession and examples of the art they championed, ranging from French Impressionist paintings to Japanese prints. The final large gallery on this floor is dedicated to Viennese decorative artists’ two divergent paths to Modernism: one exemplified by the members of the Wiener Werkstätte (Josef Hoffmann, Koloman Moser, and Dagobert Peche) and their desire to create a Gesamtkunstwerk, or total work of art, and the other by the strict formalism of Adolf Loos. In a small fourth room, the music of composers such as Gustav Mahler and Arnold Schönberg, with their wish to abandon established norms, is explored.

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Exhibition audio tour programming is made possible by the generous support of Elizabeth and Jean-Marie Eveillard.